I would to answer this question with a perspective from a Brazilian Engineer Experience.
While in Civil Engineering School (University), in order to obtain a Engineer Diploma (University Degree) - Here it takes a minimum of 5 years of dedication! You'll probably face some possibilities:
→ You might meet some cool Teacher or Advisor when you are in a specific discipline (subject /field area) and he might help you to connect with some related Industry or work (professional purposes after graduation). He also might redirects you, as being your research Advisor, so you can move and apply for Job or a Carrier Opportunity informed by him.
→ A very perceptive pattern in this: "The student has to search by himself for Internships programs", or might try to make a effort on request/send/submit some curriculum to some local companies. This is a common case for transitioning point from the University to a Professional Career in Brazil. After the graduation they might stay with you, if you have demonstrated some potential or if the Level of Career expected might be suited for your skills.
→ The student (in my case) is responsible for find the biggest answer during his final thesis or dissertation (as so called "Final Course Project" on Brazil / it is subdivided in 2 parts in a year). During your studies (in my case), you have to search for the state-of-art in order to size Beam elements of Post-tensioned Prestressed Concrete at that time. A research topic under the supervision of a great Mentor (an Advisor that gives you some mission). After that, I discover a firm that has some of most advanced structural engineering designs and technology during that time, and has dominance over the theoretical applications. I have "Interest" , the city was so far distant from mine. They provide some knowledge while they accepted me and receive me there. And they extend an invitation to their internship program because they were trying to help with this.
So if your fundamentals has some profound meanings, you should expect to receive a great opportunity to start!, a very well intentioned Internship program!
Thank you, I hope I have contributed a little more, "also providing some intercontinental frame of reference."